GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Causes and Development of Disorders Study Material (Page 13 of 29)

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Compulsion and Pure Obsession (Pure O)



A compulsion is a repetitive behavior that people feel driven to perform in order to reduce distress and prevent some calamity from occurring.

  • Generally, it follows obsession and is aims at preventing distress caused due to obsession however.
  • Relief provided by compulsion is only temporary.
  • Some people use compulsions to avoid situations that may trigger their obsessions.
  • Compulsive behavior is not realistic.
  • Compulsive behavior has insight
  • Compulsion is learned behavior

Compulsions are obsessions carried out in action.

Pure Obsession (Pure O)

This OCD is without overt compulsions. The person suffering from OCD is covert, engages in mental rituals. The person also might feel driven to avoid the situations that ca

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Other Symptoms and Etiology of OCD


Other Symptoms of OCD

  • Bad ideas and irrelevant behavior
  • Doubt and indecision
  • Employment of defense mechanism to prevent obsession
  • Using counter measures to prevent obsession
  • Regressive behavior in childhood

Etiology of OCD

  • Self-devaluation and feeling of guilt
  • Repressed sexual desires, frustrations and feeling of insecurity
  • Repressed emotional experiences
  • Need to save self from painful experiences
  • Compulsion provides feeling of relief from tension and pain
  • Need of defense mechanism against uneasiness
  • Need to prevent explosion of repressed desires
  • Guilt and fear of punishment
  • So

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