GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Causes and Development of Disorders Study Material (Page 12 of 29)

Subscribe now to access pointwise, categorized & easy to understand notes on 551 key topics of GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology covering entire 2020 syllabus. With online notes get latest & updated content on the device of your choice. View complete topic-wise distribution of study material. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Features or View Sample.

Rs. 700.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Phobia: Etiology and Treatment of Phobia


Etiology of Phobia

  • Inherent disorder of personality development
  • Repressed childhood conflicts
  • Regressive behavior
  • Attitude of escapism
  • Defense against threatening impulses: Husband developing fear of lakes when he has idea of drowning wife
  • Displacement of anxiety: Phobia of driving may enable housewife to escape responsibilities outside home
  • Conditioning and avoidance learning: For example, a person bitten by dog fears dog

Treatment of Phobia

  • Extinction of conditioning, deconditioning
  • Desensitization
  • Behavior modification
  • Using free association (see topic list for details) method
  • Self-directing and self-reinforcing imagery technique (means to understand, monitor, manage, evaluate and reflect once ow

… (114 more words) …

Subscribe & login to view complete study material.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Important Definition and Obsession


Important Definition

According to APA, it is an independent disease with two symptoms obsession and compulsion. It is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts, by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing anxiety, or by a combination of such thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions). It involves continuous repetition of same behavior.


  • A persistent idea or thought cannot be eliminated from consciousness by logic o

… (176 more words) …

Subscribe & login to view complete study material.