GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology Clinical and Abnormal Psychology-Abnormal Psychology Theories, Applications and Issues Study Material (Page 4 of 5)

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Rational Emotive Theory

  • Albert Ellis proposed the rational emotive theory. Rational-emotive theory (RET) is a combination of theories such as cognitive, behavioral, and emotion theory. Ellis postulated that confused and interlinked thoughts and feelings causes certain kind of behavior to happen.
  • Basis: Psychological tension is created when a person is facing a situation currently and he tries to apply the same solution for the problem as he has applied the last time but this leads to the consequence of emotional disruption (C

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Gestalt Theory

  • Gestalt theory was developed by Fritz Perls, Max Wertheimer and Kurt Koffka. Gestalt theory indulges people to get back from the past events and enjoy the present to have its full experience which will lead to belief that you are a complete person.
  • Basis: Abnormal behavior is derived from disturbances of awareness. The client may not be able to look into the present as he might have badly developed the habit of dwelling in the past or he do

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