Personality (GRE Psychology): Questions 15 - 19 of 33

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Question number: 15

» Personality » Assessment

MCQ▾

Question

Introspection, a research tool used by early psychologists, is a technique which involves

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

correlational analyses

b.

survey methodology

c.

teaching participants to multitask

d.

self-examination of mental processes

Question number: 16

» Personality » Structure

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following personality characteristics has been most closely linked to heart disease?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Internal locus of control

b.

Competitiveness

c.

Neuroticism

d.

Authoritarianism

Question number: 17

» Personality » Personality and Behavior

MCQ▾

Question

Since her physician told Mary that she needs to lose weight to improve her health, she has been trying to eat healthily. But every time she goes out to a restaurant, she can’t resist ordering several unhealthy desserts. Her friends suggest that she try to eat the foods she craves in moderation, but she tells them that when she sees the sweets she’s not “supposed” to eat, she can focus on nothing but how badly she wants them. Freud would say that Mary’s ________ is encouraging her to overeat certain foods.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

id

b.

preconscious

c.

ego

d.

superego

Question number: 18

» Personality » Theories

MCQ▾

Question

Martin Seligman maintains that cognitive training can offset

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

internal locus of control

b.

low self-esteem

c.

self-handicapping

d.

learned helplessness

Question number: 19

» Personality » Theories

MCQ▾

Question

Ego psychologists differ from Freud in that they propose that some important ego functions are independent of primary process thinking. This could be illustrated by

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the demonstrable differences between neurotic and psychotic thinking

b.

the reduction of the importance of sexual instincts in modern societies

c.

the rate of spontaneous recovery from psychosis, despite societal differences

d.

the persistence of real world -oriented behavior in the face of strong stress, even in children

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