Measurement and Methodology-Research Designs [GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology]: Questions 24 - 27 of 28

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Question 24

Question

MCQ▾

A developmental psychologist observing children at play through a one-way mirror and recording the frequency of aggressive behaviors would be using ________.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

A phenomenological approach

b.

The experimental method

c.

Retrospective data

d.

Naturalistic observation

e.

Deviant case analysis

Question 25

Question

MCQ▾

Using a between-subjects design may not be the best approach when ________.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Random assignment will control subject variables.

b.

There is likely to be a great deal of variability in subjects՚ scores on the dependent variable.

c.

Performance changes over time.

d.

The treatment conditions are likely to interfere with one another.

e.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Question 26

Question

MCQ▾

One reason that many researchers may prefer NOT to use small N designs is that

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Statistical procedures for analyzing the data do not exist.

b.

They are too complicated.

c.

The external validity of the results may be in question.

d.

They are low in internal validity.

e.

They control the subject՚s behavior too much.

Question 27

Question

MCQ▾

In a (n) ________ groups design, subjects are assigned to treatment conditions by equating them first on one or more characteristics that will probably affect the independent variable.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

Matched.

b.

Probability.

c.

Independent.

d.

Within.

e.

Random.