Measurement and Methodology-Research Designs (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 11 - 14 of 15

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Question number: 11

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

Interested in learning how financial standing affects a man’s marital prospects, researchers compared five groups of men, each group ten years older than the previous. This is called a ________ design.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

cross-cultural

b.

cross-sectional

c.

critical

d.

longitudinal

e.

cohort

Question number: 12

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

Olivia and Hannah are talking about dreaming one day after their psychology class. Most mornings Olivia doesn’t remember any of her dreams, but occasionally she has vivid recollections when she wakes. Hannah says she has the same experience and wonders why. When they talk to friends about the phenomenon, they notice a pattern related to the stress of the previous day. They verbalize this pattern as, “If someone feels stressed out over something one day, then she is more likely to remember her dreams the following day. ” Olivia and Hannah have just formed a

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

valid statement.

b.

scientific attitude.

c.

hindsight.

d.

hypothesis.

e.

foresight

Question number: 13

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

A double-blind experimental design is used to minimize

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

reactance

b.

experimenter bias

c.

the Hawthorne effect

d.

cohort effects

e.

the halo effect

Question number: 14

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

When we evaluate our research results for their consistency with prior studies, the extent to which they extend our knowledge, or have implications for broader theoretical issues, we are addressing the ________ of our results.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Research significance.

b.

Statistical significance.

c.

Statistical power.

d.

Effect size.

e.

Internal validity.

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