Measurement and Methodology-Research Designs (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 8 - 10 of 15

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Question number: 8

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

For her Experimental Psychology class, Kristen has developed the hypothesis that “intelligent people are more stressed out. ” Kristen’s teacher tells her she needs to use operational definitions for her variables. This means that she needs to

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

define which behaviors or qualities differentiate one person’s “intelligence” from the next person’s, and define the behaviors she associates with “stressed out. ”

b.

define which variables are independent and which variables are dependent.

c.

use self-report measures as part of her experiment.

d.

use projective test techniques

e.

explain what procedures she will use to collect her data.

Question number: 9

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

Post hoc tests are used to ________.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Tell whether an analysis of variance is required.

b.

Compare differences between pairs of means.

c.

Prove the null hypothesis.

d.

Evaluate mean differences when an F ratio is not significant.

e.

Check the accuracy of analysis of variance computations.

Question number: 10

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

An experimental group is told that the speakers they are about to hear are randomly chosen graduate students who have no stake in the outcome of the experiment. A control group is not given this information. Both groups hear speeches that are aimed at changing attitudes. Only the control group shows a marked attitude change. This could be considered an example of

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

matched-group design

b.

the sleeper effect

c.

the effect of inoculation

d.

the primacy effect

e.

quasi-experimental design

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