Measurement and Methodology-Research Designs (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 4 - 7 of 15

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Question number: 4

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

As opposed to longitudinal design, a cross-sectional study is able to control for

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

demand characteristics

b.

the Hawthorn effect

c.

experimenter bias

d.

cohort effects

e.

reactance

Question number: 5

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

Stephanie conducts an experiment to learn if brunettes have more fun. She has three brunette female friends and three blonde female friends go to the same party and record how many times they are asked to dance. In her experiment, Stephanie has defined her ________ as the number of times the friends were asked to dance, and her ________ as hair color.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

extraneous variable; dependent variable

b.

independent variable; dependent variable

c.

dependent variable; independent variable

d.

extraneous variable, independent variable

e.

independent variable; extraneous variable

Question number: 6

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

A good review of the prior research in an area is valuable, because ________.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

The researcher generally hopes to prove prior studies to be wrong.

b.

There is nothing else to include in an introduction.

c.

People are impressed by the use of many references.

d.

The contribution of the new study will be clearer.

e.

It makes the report longer and more impressive.

Question number: 7

» Measurement and Methodology » Research Designs

MCQ▾

Question

Interested in learning how intelligence quotient affects a woman’s marital prospects, researchers gave intelligence tests to a sample of 11-year-old girls, then retested them and asked about relationship status several times over the next 40 years. This type of study has a ________ design.

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

cohort

b.

critical

c.

longitudinal

d.

cross-cultural

e.

cross-sectional

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