Learning-Theories, Applications and Issues (GRE Psychology): Questions 1 - 5 of 9

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Question number: 1

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

E. L. Thorndike is known for each of the following EXCEPT

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

learning experiment using cats in puzzle boxes

b.

the law of effect

c.

the concept of instrumental learning

d.

the discovery of state-dependent learning

Question number: 2

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Punishment has been found to

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

be most effective in producing retroactive inhibition

b.

produce the extinction of phobias

c.

be the most efficient means of bringing about the extinction of undesirable behaviors

d.

mask, rather than extinguish, conditioned responses

Question number: 3

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is an example of secondary reinforcement?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Smelling freshly baked bread

b.

Coming in second-place in a race

c.

Removing a painful sliver

d.

Answering the telephone

Question number: 4

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

A rat conditioned to press a laver to receive food. In the beginning, the rat is rewarded with food every time it presses the laver. Then, the experimenter stops rewarding the rat for this behavior and eventually the rat stops pressing the bar altogether. Three days later the rat tries pressing the bar again. This is an example of

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

spontaneous recovery

b.

systematic desensitization

c.

latent responding

d.

positive transfer

Question number: 5

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

The learning theory of E. C. Tolman

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

can be described as a precursor of ego psychology

b.

put a greater emphasis on the role of expectancy than did the theories of Hull

c.

stressed that learning is the same as need reduction

d.

stressed that learning is the same as tension reduction

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