Learning-Learning Theories, Applications and Issues [GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology]: Questions 5 - 8 of 12

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Question 5

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

Question

MCQ▾

The learning theory of E. C. Tolman

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

can be described as a precursor of ego psychology

b.

put a greater emphasis on the role of expectancy than did the theories of Hull

c.

maintained the importance of consciousness as part of the organism՚s biological adaptation to the environment

d.

stressed that learning is the same as tension reduction

e.

stressed that learning is the same as need reduction

Question 6

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

Question

MCQ▾

As a father feeds his baby, he smiles and babbles encouragingly. The father՚s babbling could be considered

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

primary reinforcement

b.

secondary reinforcement

c.

classical conditioning

d.

operant conditioning

e.

contiguity learning

Question 7

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

Question

MCQ▾

To motivate himself to study, a student decides that after learning a chapter of material he will treat himself to a movie. In this situation, seeing a movie is acting as a reinforcement for studying. This situation demonstrates

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

higher-order conditioning

b.

autoshaping

c.

a fixed-interval ratio schedule

d.

the Premack principle

e.

the Garcia effect

Question 8

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

Question

MCQ▾

When a dog learns to jump through a hoop by receiving a reward of food each time it successfully goes through the hoop, it is an example of ________ conditioning.

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

classical

b.

Cognitive

c.

operant

d.

shaping

e.

Behavioral