Learning-Learning Theories, Applications and Issues [GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology]: Questions 1 - 4 of 10

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Question 1

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues
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Question

MCQ▾

E. L. Thorndike is known for each of the following EXCEPT

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Choice (5)Response
a.asserting that individuals repeat behaviors that lead to positive consequences
b.the discovery of state-dependent learning
c.the concept of instrumental learning
d.the law of effect
e.learning experiment using cats in puzzle boxes

Question 2

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues
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Question

MCQ▾

Punishment has been found to

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Choice (5)Response
a.be most effective in producing proactive inhibition
b.mask, rather than extinguish, conditioned responses
c.be the most efficient means of bringing about the extinction of undesirable behaviors
d.produce the extinction of phobias
e.be most effective in producing retroactive inhibition

Question 3

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues
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Question

MCQ▾

Which of the following is an example of secondary reinforcement?

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Choice (5)Response
a.Drinking water when thirsty
b.Answering the telephone
c.Coming in second-place in a race
d.Removing a painful sliver
e.Smelling freshly baked bread

Question 4

Learning Theories, Applications and Issues
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Question

MCQ▾

A rat conditioned to press a laver to receive food. In the beginning, the rat is rewarded with food every time it presses the laver. Then, the experimenter stops rewarding the rat for this behavior and eventually the rat stops pressing the bar altogether. Three days later the rat tries pressing the bar again. This is an example of

Choices

Choice (5)Response
a.spontaneous recovery
b.latent responding
c.positive transfer
d.systematic desensitization
e.incidental learning