Learning-Instrumental Conditioning [GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology]: Questions 4 - 6 of 6

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Question 4

Instrumental Conditioning

Question

MCQ▾

What is an example of conditioned aversion?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

No longer wanting to drink alcohol because you had too much and it made you sick

b.

No longer wanting to eat spinach because you heard that a lot of people who ate spinach got E. coli

c.

Not wanting to eat a cheeseburger because you found out how much saturated fat it contains

d.

Wanting to drink a lot of water after you work out because it keeps you from feeling dehydrated

e.

Wanting to eat a lot of asparagus because it is very good for you

Question 5

Instrumental Conditioning

Question

MCQ▾

A city has different-sounding sirens for police, fire, and hospital vehicles. In addition, each of these vehicles can emit varying patterns of the sirens. Regardless of the type of siren heard by a line of traffic, however, the cars all know to pull to the right and clear the way. This is an example of

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

stimulus discrimination

b.

operant conditioning

c.

forward conditioning

d.

stimulus-response theory

e.

stimulus generalization

Question 6

Instrumental Conditioning

Question

MCQ▾

Emiko՚s cat often meows for food. Emiko decides to eliminate the behavior by feeding the cat only when it does not meow. Over the next few weeks, she sometimes ignores the cat when it meows. Other times, she feeds the cat when it meows. Which of the following is the most reasonable prediction to make about the cat՚s meowing for food?

Choices

Choice (5)Response

a.

It will disappear due to extinction

b.

It will increase due to positive punishment

c.

It will increase due to a variable schedule of reinforcement

d.

It will decrease overall but not extinguish

e.

It will remain unchanged due to a continuous schedule of reinforcement