Learning-Instrumental Conditioning (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 1 - 4 of 6

Get 1 year subscription: Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 442 questions. Access all new questions we will add tracking exam-pattern and syllabus changes. View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 300.00 or

Question number: 1

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

After moving into a home very near to a hospital, a young child became frightened and upset each time he heard ambulance sirens racing by. With time, the child seemed less bothered by the sirens. Eventually, the child seemed not to notice the sirens at all. This lessened reaction to the sirens is most likely caused by

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

extinction

b.

shaping

c.

habituation

d.

sensitization

e.

chaining

Question number: 2

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is true of a variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement as opposed to other schedules of reinforcement?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

It explains why people wait endlessly for a late bus.

b.

It is extremely vulnerable to extinction.

c.

Of the various reinforcement schedules, it causes learning to occur the fastest.

d.

It provides a reinforcement for nay response.

e.

It produces the highest rate of responding.

Question number: 3

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

A placed in a “Skinner box” which is outfitted with a key for pecking and a chute that delivers food. Through shaping, the experimenter plans to condition the bird to peck the key in order to obtain food. The experimenter will need to use

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

autoshaping

b.

autonomic conditioning

c.

trace conditioning

d.

secondary reinforcement

e.

differential reinforcement

Question number: 4

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is an example of conditioned aversion?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Wanting to eat a lot of asparagus because it is very good for you

b.

No longer wanting to eat spinach because you heard that a lot of people who ate spinach got E. coli

c.

Wanting to drink a lot of water after you work out because it keeps you from feeling dehydrated

d.

No longer wanting to drink alcohol because you had too much and it made you sick

e.

Not wanting to eat a cheeseburger because you found out how much saturated fat it contains

f Page
Sign In