Learning-Instrumental Conditioning (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 1 - 4 of 6

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Question number: 1

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

After moving into a home very near to a hospital, a young child became frightened and upset each time he heard ambulance sirens racing by. With time, the child seemed less bothered by the sirens. Eventually, the child seemed not to notice the sirens at all. This lessened reaction to the sirens is most likely caused by

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

shaping

b.

habituation

c.

extinction

d.

sensitization

Question number: 2

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is true of a variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement as opposed to other schedules of reinforcement?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

It provides a reinforcement for nay response.

b.

Of the various reinforcement schedules, it causes learning to occur the fastest.

c.

It is extremely vulnerable to extinction.

d.

It produces the highest rate of responding.

Question number: 3

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

A placed in a “Skinner box” which is outfitted with a key for pecking and a chute that delivers food. Through shaping, the experimenter plans to condition the bird to peck the key in order to obtain food. The experimenter will need to use

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

autonomic conditioning

b.

differential reinforcement

c.

secondary reinforcement

d.

trace conditioning

Question number: 4

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is an example of conditioned aversion?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

No longer wanting to eat spinach because you heard that a lot of people who ate spinach got E. coli

b.

Not wanting to eat a cheeseburger because you found out how much saturated fat it contains

c.

No longer wanting to drink alcohol because you had too much and it made you sick

d.

Wanting to eat a lot of asparagus because it is very good for you

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