Learning (GRE Psychology): Questions 17 - 19 of 20

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Question number: 17

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

When a dog learns to jump through a hoop by receiving a reward of food each time it successfully goes through the hoop, it is an example of ________ conditioning.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Behavioral

b.

classical

c.

shaping

d.

operant

Question number: 18

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Emiko’s cat often meows for food. Emiko decides to eliminate the behavior by feeding the cat only when it does not meow. Over the next few weeks, she sometimes ignores the cat when it meows. Other times, she feeds the cat when it meows. Which of the following is the most reasonable prediction to make about the cat’s meowing for food?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

It will disappear due to extinction

b.

It will increase due to a variable schedule of reinforcement

c.

It will remain unchanged due to a continuous schedule of reinforcement

d.

It will increase due to positive punishment

Question number: 19

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Harry Harlow found that when infant monkeys were startled or frightened, they preferred a cloth surrogate mother over a wire mother who had food. The baby monkeys’ response indicated that

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

contact comfort was more important to them than food

b.

the amygdala develops earlier in rhesus monkeys than in humans

c.

rhesus monkeys do not develop normally with artificial food sources

d.

being raised with a terry cloth mother leads to an insecure attachment style

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