Learning (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 8 - 11 of 20

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Question number: 8

» Learning » Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is an example of secondary reinforcement?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Answering the telephone

b.

Drinking water when thirsty

c.

Coming in second-place in a race

d.

Smelling freshly baked bread

e.

Removing a painful sliver

Question number: 9

» Learning » Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

A rat conditioned to press a laver to receive food. In the beginning, the rat is rewarded with food every time it presses the laver. Then, the experimenter stops rewarding the rat for this behavior and eventually the rat stops pressing the bar altogether. Three days later the rat tries pressing the bar again. This is an example of

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

incidental learning

b.

spontaneous recovery

c.

positive transfer

d.

systematic desensitization

e.

latent responding

Question number: 10

» Learning » Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

The learning theory of E. C. Tolman

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

put a greater emphasis on the role of expectancy than did the theories of Hull

b.

maintained the importance of consciousness as part of the organism’s biological adaptation to the environment

c.

stressed that learning is the same as need reduction

d.

stressed that learning is the same as tension reduction

e.

can be described as a precursor of ego psychology

Question number: 11

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is an example of conditioned aversion?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Wanting to eat a lot of asparagus because it is very good for you

b.

No longer wanting to eat spinach because you heard that a lot of people who ate spinach got E. coli

c.

Wanting to drink a lot of water after you work out because it keeps you from feeling dehydrated

d.

No longer wanting to drink alcohol because you had too much and it made you sick

e.

Not wanting to eat a cheeseburger because you found out how much saturated fat it contains

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