Learning (GRE Psychology): Questions 9 - 12 of 20

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Question number: 9

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

A rat conditioned to press a laver to receive food. In the beginning, the rat is rewarded with food every time it presses the laver. Then, the experimenter stops rewarding the rat for this behavior and eventually the rat stops pressing the bar altogether. Three days later the rat tries pressing the bar again. This is an example of

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

spontaneous recovery

b.

systematic desensitization

c.

latent responding

d.

positive transfer

Question number: 10

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

The learning theory of E. C. Tolman

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

can be described as a precursor of ego psychology

b.

put a greater emphasis on the role of expectancy than did the theories of Hull

c.

stressed that learning is the same as need reduction

d.

stressed that learning is the same as tension reduction

Question number: 11

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is an example of conditioned aversion?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

No longer wanting to eat spinach because you heard that a lot of people who ate spinach got E. coli

b.

Not wanting to eat a cheeseburger because you found out how much saturated fat it contains

c.

No longer wanting to drink alcohol because you had too much and it made you sick

d.

Wanting to eat a lot of asparagus because it is very good for you

Question number: 12

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

A city has different-sounding sirens for police, fire, and hospital vehicles. In addition, each of these vehicles can emit varying patterns of the sirens. Regardless of the type of siren heard by a line of traffic, however, the cars all know to pull to the right and clear the way. This is an example of

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

stimulus discrimination

b.

stimulus generalization

c.

operant conditioning

d.

stimulus-response theory

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