Learning (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 4 - 7 of 20

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Question number: 4

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

After moving into a home very near to a hospital, a young child became frightened and upset each time he heard ambulance sirens racing by. With time, the child seemed less bothered by the sirens. Eventually, the child seemed not to notice the sirens at all. This lessened reaction to the sirens is most likely caused by

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

extinction

b.

shaping

c.

habituation

d.

sensitization

e.

chaining

Question number: 5

» Learning » Observational Learning, Modeling

MCQ▾

Question

In research social learning theory, Bandura conducted the famous Bobo doll experiment. Based on this experiment, what did Bandura conclude was important to social learning in children?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Rewards

b.

Concept learning

c.

Observational learning

d.

Primary reinforcement

e.

Shaping

Question number: 6

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is true of a variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement as opposed to other schedules of reinforcement?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

It explains why people wait endlessly for a late bus.

b.

It is extremely vulnerable to extinction.

c.

Of the various reinforcement schedules, it causes learning to occur the fastest.

d.

It provides a reinforcement for nay response.

e.

It produces the highest rate of responding.

Question number: 7

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

A placed in a “Skinner box” which is outfitted with a key for pecking and a chute that delivers food. Through shaping, the experimenter plans to condition the bird to peck the key in order to obtain food. The experimenter will need to use

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

autoshaping

b.

autonomic conditioning

c.

trace conditioning

d.

secondary reinforcement

e.

differential reinforcement

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