Learning (GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology): Questions 1 - 3 of 20

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Question number: 1

» Learning » Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

E. L. Thorndike is known for each of the following EXCEPT

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

asserting that individuals repeat behaviors that lead to positive consequences

b.

the discovery of state-dependent learning

c.

learning experiment using cats in puzzle boxes

d.

the law of effect

e.

the concept of instrumental learning

Question number: 2

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is the key distinction between classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Operant conditioning is used in human therapy, whereas classical conditioning is used only with other animals.

b.

Operant conditioning emphasizes the consequences of behavior, whereas classical conditioning emphasizes the association between stimuli.

c.

Operant conditioning focuses on rewards, whereas classical conditioning focuses on punishment.

d.

Operant conditioning attempts to pairs an unrelated stimuli and response, whereas classical conditioning underscores the consequences of behavior.

e.

Operant conditioning attempts to pair an unrelated stimuli and response, whereas classical conditioning attempts to extinguish such pairings.

Question number: 3

» Learning » Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Punishment has been found to

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

mask, rather than extinguish, conditioned responses

b.

be most effective in producing proactive inhibition

c.

produce the extinction of phobias

d.

be the most efficient means of bringing about the extinction of undesirable behaviors

e.

be most effective in producing retroactive inhibition

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