Learning (GRE Psychology): Questions 1 - 4 of 20

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Question number: 1

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

E. L. Thorndike is known for each of the following EXCEPT

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

learning experiment using cats in puzzle boxes

b.

the law of effect

c.

the concept of instrumental learning

d.

the discovery of state-dependent learning

Question number: 2

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is the key distinction between classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Operant conditioning focuses on rewards, whereas classical conditioning focuses on punishment.

b.

Operant conditioning attempts to pair an unrelated stimuli and response, whereas classical conditioning attempts to extinguish such pairings.

c.

Operant conditioning is used in human therapy, whereas classical conditioning is used only with other animals.

d.

Operant conditioning emphasizes the consequences of behavior, whereas classical conditioning emphasizes the association between stimuli.

Question number: 3

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Punishment has been found to

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

be most effective in producing retroactive inhibition

b.

produce the extinction of phobias

c.

be the most efficient means of bringing about the extinction of undesirable behaviors

d.

mask, rather than extinguish, conditioned responses

Question number: 4

» Learning » Instrumental Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

After moving into a home very near to a hospital, a young child became frightened and upset each time he heard ambulance sirens racing by. With time, the child seemed less bothered by the sirens. Eventually, the child seemed not to notice the sirens at all. This lessened reaction to the sirens is most likely caused by

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

shaping

b.

habituation

c.

extinction

d.

sensitization

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