Langauge (GRE Psychology): Questions 6 - 10 of 14

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Question number: 6

» Langauge » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Noam Chomsky posited that humans have a unique, inborn ability to understand the structure of language and to apply this to language learning. Chomsky called this the

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

collective endowment device

b.

prosody index

c.

language acquisition device

d.

innate surface structure ability

Question number: 7

» Langauge » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Chomsky’s contribution to the understanding of language acquisition was the idea that:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Language is too complex to learn bit by bit, so there must be a “mental module” in the brain that allows young children to develop language

b.

there is a critical period for learning language

c.

children go through different stages of language development

d.

language is learned bit by bit, as one might learn a list of U. S. presidents

Question number: 8

» Langauge » Speech Perception and Processing

MCQ▾

Question

According to Roger Brown and other psycholinguistic researchers, children refine the way they apply grammatical rules through

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

memorization of what others say

b.

experience and self-correction

c.

positive conditioning from caregivers

d.

positive reinforcement from caregivers

Question number: 9

» Langauge » Syntax

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following concepts refers to the structure and organization of a sentence?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Phoneme

b.

Lexicon

c.

Semantics

d.

Syntax

Question number: 10

» Langauge » Units (Phonemes, Morphemes, Phrases)

MCQ▾

Question

Two bears and a donkey lived happily ever after. According to Chomsky’s work, this sentence has its own, unique

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

semantic differential

b.

morphemes

c.

deep structure

d.

surface structure

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