GRE Psychology: Questions 419 - 422 of 437

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Question number: 419

» Lifespan Development » Social and Personality

MCQ▾

Question

According to Freud’s developmental theory, a child who is particularly frustrated during a stage of development is likely to experience

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

castration anxiety if a boy

b.

fixation

c.

identification

d.

overdevelopment of the superego

Question number: 420

» Sensation and Perception » Psychophysics, Signal Detection

MCQ▾

Question

A subject is presented with two tones of differing intensities. The subject, however, states that the tones seen to be of the same intensity. According to Weber, this is probably because

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the tones were presented too closely together

b.

the tones were of varying pitches

c.

the subject was not motivated to pay attention

d.

the tones were not separated by at least one just noticeable difference

Question number: 421

» Social Psychology » Social Psychology Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Deutsch used the “prisoner’s dilemma” to study what social phenomenon?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Bias

b.

Conformity vs. reactance

c.

Stereotypes

d.

Cooperation vs. competition

Question number: 422

» Measurement and Methodology » Psychometrics, Test Construction, Reliability, Validity

MCQ▾

Question

Hailie is writing a psychology research paper. She has collected research from the past three decades, which her professor says is fine. What is confusing for Hailie is that her articles say different things. She finally asks you why all of the research has been published if some of it is obviously wrong. You tell her that

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

scientists rarely work together or review previous research, which can leave publications in disagreement with each other.

b.

scientists always work together to understand the cause

c.

part of the scientific process is testing and re-testing a theory, to see if everyone gets the same results each time; if they don’t, the research may not agree.

d.

there is no review process in scientific publication; if someone writes well enough, the article will be published regardless of its validity.

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