GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology: Questions 414 - 418 of 437

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Question number: 414

» Lifespan Development » Nature-Nurture

MCQ▾

Question

The mother who does not manifest color blindness but transmits it to her sons is an example of

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

sexual role stereotyping

b.

a sex-linked trait

c.

a genotype

d.

a phenotype

Question number: 415

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

While swimming in the ocean, a woman was stung by several jellyfish. Now the woman refuses to swim at all, even at an indoor pool. Her new fear of swimming can be attributed to

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

operant conditioning

b.

second-order conditioning

c.

delayed conditioning

d.

classical conditioning

Question number: 416

» Behavioral Neuroscience » Central Structures and Processes

MCQ▾

Question

The phenomenon of contralateral control refers to the fact that each cerebral hemisphere receives information from, and exerts control over

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

anterior of the body.

b.

the lateral side of the body.

c.

the opposite side of the body.

d.

the same side of the body.

Question number: 417

» Lifespan Development » Physical and Motor

MCQ▾

Question

At 8 months Rob can sit up by herself, at nine months she can stand with an adult’s support, at 14 months she can stand alone, and at 16 months she can walk alone. The process that allows Rob’s motor skills to develop at the same rate as other children’s is called

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the proximodistal principle.

b.

the cephalocaudal principle.

c.

maturation.

d.

assimilation

Question number: 418

» Clinical and Abnormal Psychology » Treatment of Disorders

MCQ▾

Question

Takeshi is seeing Dr. Ben to help her deal with her social phobia. Early in treatment, they built a list of 15 steps beginning with low-anxiety scenarios and ending with high-anxiety scenarios. Over time, they have conquered many of the situations on the list, and it is time for Takeshi to try staying relaxed while walking down a busy street. The approach Dr. Ben is using with Takeshi is called

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

systematic desensitization.

b.

rational-emotive therapy.

c.

free association.

d.

flooding.

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