GRE Psychology: Questions 374 - 378 of 437

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Question number: 374

» Social Psychology » Group and Intergroup Processes

MCQ▾

Question

A woman was stabbed and none of the numerous onlookers called for help. What accounts for this?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Conformity

b.

Social loafing

c.

Individuation

d.

Diffusion of responsibility

Question number: 375

» Measurement and Methodology » Scientific Method and the Evaluation of Evidence

MCQ▾

Question

To determine whether a cause-effect relationship exists between two variables, a researcher must use

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

archival data

b.

an experimental approach

c.

descriptive statistics

d.

a correlational study

Question number: 376

» Lifespan Development » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

A child in Piaget’s preoperational stage is given a toy and attempts to eat it. This child is demonstrating

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

generalization

b.

accommodation

c.

assimilation

d.

overextension

Question number: 377

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

An experimenter wants to train a dog to bark at a red light. The dog naturally barks at a mouse when it is presented outside the dog’s cage. For countless trials, the experimenter presents the mouse and then the red light. The dog never learn to bark at the red light because

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the USC and the CS are not at all similar

b.

the UCR and the CS are not at all similar

c.

the USC and the CS are presented in the wrong order

d.

the CS precedes the UCS

Question number: 378

» Measurement and Methodology » Psychometrics, Test Construction, Reliability, Validity

MCQ▾

Question

When a criterion measure is itself based, at least in part, on predictor measures, what is said to exist is

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

predictive validity.

b.

criterion-related validity.

c.

criterion contamination.

d.

face validity

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