GRE Psychology: Questions 320 - 323 of 437

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Question number: 320

» Behavioral Neuroscience » Neuroscience Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

In a series of learning experiments with monkeys, Harlow asserted that monkeys gained a sort of cumulative knowledge about solving problems. He came to this conclusion because with every novel problem it took the monkeys less time to learn how to solve it. Harlow called this

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

higher-order conditioning

b.

instinct-learning interaction

c.

learning to learn

d.

trained anticipation

Question number: 321

» Measurement and Methodology » Psychometrics, Test Construction, Reliability, Validity

MCQ▾

Question

The difference between a speed test and a power test has to do with

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

whether or not the variance has been restricted

b.

all of the above.

c.

whether or not the range has been restricted.

d.

the time limit allotted for completion of the items.

Question number: 322

» Personality » Theories

MCQ▾

Question

Trait theory in personality has been most criticized for

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

not identifying one agreed-upon dimension of personality

b.

not addressing heredity

c.

assuming that people behave consistently in various situations

d.

attempting to quantify the impossible

Question number: 323

» Clinical and Abnormal Psychology » Causes and Development of Disorders

MCQ▾

Question

In movies that focus on war (e. g. , “Born on the Fourth of July, ” “Apocalypse Now, ” “First Blood”), soldiers who have returned from the frontlines often struggle with overwhelming anxiety, hyper vigilance, depression, and flashbacks. In many cases, these characters abuse alcohol, are suicidal, and have a strained or angry relationship with spouses. These characters have

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

dementia.

b.

posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

c.

symptomatic disorder

d.

dissociative identity disorder (DID).

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