GRE Psychology: Questions 259 - 263 of 437

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Question number: 259

» Clinical and Abnormal Psychology » Causes and Development of Disorders

MCQ▾

Question

A child with an IQ of 63 would most likely be diagnosed with

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

moderate mental retardation

b.

mild mental retardation

c.

borderline mental retardation

d.

severe mental retardation

Question number: 260

» Social Psychology » Group and Intergroup Processes

MCQ▾

Question

Group polarization is the tendency

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

for a group to become deadlocked during decision making

b.

for an ingroup to identify an outgroup

c.

for a group to feel strongly about the dominant viewpoint

d.

for a group to break into two opposing sides

Question number: 261

» Thinking » Problem Solving

MCQ▾

Question

Matt’s parents are physicists, and so are the parents of several of his best friends. Therefore, Matt believes that many people are employed as physicists. Matt’s reasoning is based on

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the representativeness heuristic

b.

risky decision making

c.

a mental set

d.

the availability heuristic

Question number: 262

» Measurement and Methodology » Scientific Method and the Evaluation of Evidence

MCQ▾

Question

Of the following, which shows the least correlation with grade point average of young American adolescents?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Parental attitudes toward education

b.

Socioeconomic status of parents

c.

Scores on tests for reading readiness and English usage

d.

Measured IQ on the Merrill-Palmer test administered at age three years

Question number: 263

» Measurement and Methodology » Psychometrics, Test Construction, Reliability, Validity

MCQ▾

Question

A researcher is studying the effect of diet on depression. The hypothesis is that a diet high in carbohydrates will help to alleviate the symptoms of depression. The group being studied is a random group of depressed inpatients. Every other day the subjects fill out the depression symptoms inventory. Which of the following is the most serious confounding variable?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Some subjects have been in the hospital longer than others.

b.

Some subjects are on antidepressants and others are not.

c.

Some subjects are male and others are female.

d.

Some subjects have been depressed before and others have not.

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