GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology: Questions 251 - 254 of 437

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Question number: 251

» Personality » Theories

MCQ▾

Question

Ego psychologists differ from Freud in that they propose that some important ego functions are independent of primary process thinking. This could be illustrated by

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

the demonstrable differences between neurotic and psychotic thinking

b.

the reduction of the importance of sexual instincts in modern societies

c.

the rate of spontaneous recovery from psychosis, despite societal differences

d.

the persistence of real world -oriented behavior in the face of strong stress, even in children

Question number: 252

» Personality » Structure

MCQ▾

Question

A phenomenological view of personality asserts that type theory neglects the

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

self

b.

superego

c.

supernatural

d.

id

Question number: 253

» Clinical and Abnormal Psychology » Stress, Conflict, Coping

MCQ▾

Question

Rafferty recently completed a fitness assessment, and his results were poorer than he expected. His weight is significantly higher than it should be, he has several unhealthy habits, and he is unable to lift weight comparable to others his age. Rafferty’s physician suggests ________ exercise, which will elevate his heart rate and increase his body’s need for oxygen.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

yogic exercise

b.

aerobic

c.

cortisol

d.

anaerobic

Question number: 254

» Measurement and Methodology » Psychometrics, Test Construction, Reliability, Validity

MCQ▾

Question

It has been said that a so-called true score is “not the ultimate fact in the book of the recording angel. ” This means that

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

factors due to luck, for lack of another word, must always be considered.

b.

subjectivity in scoring may lead to chance variations in examination scores.

c.

religion as cultural variable is given sufficient consideration

d.

test variance due to true variance as opposed to error may never be known.

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