GRE (Graduate Record Examinations) Psychology: Questions 60 - 63 of 442

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Question number: 60

» Personality » Theories

MCQ▾

Question

According to Freud, an individual who is not dominated by impulses originating in the libido would most likely be

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

obsessive-compulsive

b.

overly conscientious

c.

rational and time-oriented

d.

in the anal stage of psychosexual development

e.

anhedonic

Question number: 61

» Clinical and Abnormal Psychology » Treatment of Disorders

MCQ▾

Question

A clinical psychologist believes that Caroline’s problems stem from the lack of consistency between her self-concept and reality. According to the psychologist, this discrepancy makes Caroline feel anxious and threatened. Caroline’s psychologist most likely adheres to which of the following orientations?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Client-centered

b.

Cognitive

c.

Behavioral

d.

Gestalt

e.

Psychoanalytic

Question number: 62

» Learning » Learning Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

E. L. Thorndike is known for each of the following EXCEPT

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

asserting that individuals repeat behaviors that lead to positive consequences

b.

the discovery of state-dependent learning

c.

learning experiment using cats in puzzle boxes

d.

the law of effect

e.

the concept of instrumental learning

Question number: 63

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is the key distinction between classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Operant conditioning is used in human therapy, whereas classical conditioning is used only with other animals.

b.

Operant conditioning emphasizes the consequences of behavior, whereas classical conditioning emphasizes the association between stimuli.

c.

Operant conditioning focuses on rewards, whereas classical conditioning focuses on punishment.

d.

Operant conditioning attempts to pairs an unrelated stimuli and response, whereas classical conditioning underscores the consequences of behavior.

e.

Operant conditioning attempts to pair an unrelated stimuli and response, whereas classical conditioning attempts to extinguish such pairings.

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