GRE Psychology: Questions 60 - 63 of 437

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Question number: 60

» Clinical and Abnormal Psychology » Treatment of Disorders

MCQ▾

Question

A clinical psychologist believes that Caroline’s problems stem from the lack of consistency between her self-concept and reality. According to the psychologist, this discrepancy makes Caroline feel anxious and threatened. Caroline’s psychologist most likely adheres to which of the following orientations?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Cognitive

b.

Gestalt

c.

Client-centered

d.

Behavioral

Question number: 61

» Learning » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

E. L. Thorndike is known for each of the following EXCEPT

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

learning experiment using cats in puzzle boxes

b.

the law of effect

c.

the concept of instrumental learning

d.

the discovery of state-dependent learning

Question number: 62

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is the key distinction between classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Operant conditioning focuses on rewards, whereas classical conditioning focuses on punishment.

b.

Operant conditioning attempts to pair an unrelated stimuli and response, whereas classical conditioning attempts to extinguish such pairings.

c.

Operant conditioning is used in human therapy, whereas classical conditioning is used only with other animals.

d.

Operant conditioning emphasizes the consequences of behavior, whereas classical conditioning emphasizes the association between stimuli.

Question number: 63

» Behavioral Neuroscience » Theories, Applications and Issues

MCQ▾

Question

Upon spotting a predator, a hidden bird makes a call of alarm. This display of altruism now places the hidden bird at increased risk while placing its nearby siblings at decreased risk. Such an act is best explained by the concept of

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

natural selection

b.

inclusive fitness

c.

contact comfort behavior

d.

operant behavior

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