GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Stress and Coping-Factors in Stress Reaction Study Material (Page 1 of 3)

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Stress: Anxiety and Fight or Flight


Stress is defined as a nonspecific response to perceived environmental threats. These threats are called stressors. Stress depends on environmental as well as behavioral factors. For example, an exam (environmental factor) is likely to be less stressful for a student who has mastered all assignments (behavioral factor) than it is for a student who waits to memorize the night before the examination.


The generalized feeling of fear and apprehension associated with a stressor is called anxiety. Anxiety is typical…

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Stress: General Adaptation Syndrome and Steps in Stress Response


General Adaptation Syndrome

Hans Selye is credited for identifying the body՚s reaction to stress with a syndrome he called the general adaptation syndrome. It has three phases, depending on the levels of stress hormones:

General Adaptation Syndrome
  • Alarm: The body՚s first organized physiological responses (similar to fight-or-flight responses) to threat
  • Resistance: Stress-activated responses continue, stabilizing the body՚s adaptations …

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