GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Social Psychology-Theories of Intergroup Relations and Conflicts Study Material (Page 5 of 5)

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Social Identity Theory: Social Categorization, Social Identity, Social Comparison


Social Identity Theory

It was introduced in the 1970s by Henry Tajfel and John Turner. This theory explains how cognitive processes and social identity affect intergroup behavior. This theory introduced the concept of social identity as a way in which inter-group behavior was explained.

The Three Elements

The Three Elements

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Intergroup Relation & Minimal Group Experiment: Intergroup Relation, Minimal Group Experiment


Intergroup Relation & Minimal Group Experiment

Intergroup Relation

  • Inter-group relationship means the relationship of people between different groups. When people think and act as members of a group, they increase the similarities between the members of their own group i. e. the group. In 1966, Muzafer Sherif defined intergroup relations more broadly.
  • According to him, “Whenever a person belonging to a group collectively or individuall

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