GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Research Methods and Statistics-Designing Research Study Material (Page 2 of 7)

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Hypothesis: Reasons for Formulating a Poor Hypothesis and Criteria of Good Hypothesis

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Reasons for Formulating a Poor Hypothesis

Following are important reasons for poor hypothesis:

  • Absence of clear theoretical framework.
  • Inability to utilize theoretical framework. If the hypothesis uses theoretical framework it is called theoretically logical.
  • Failure to be acquainted with available research techniques.
  • Failure to phrase the hypothesis properly.
  • Lack of theory, knowledge, logic, and study techniques.

Criteria of Good Hypothesis

Good hypothesis:

  • Should provide adequate answer to problem.
  • Should be testable and verifiable.
  • Should be open to refutation.
  • Should be conceptually clear.
  • Should provide empirical referents.
  • Should be effective and specific.
  • Should be relevant to the body of the theory

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Hypothesis: Dimensions of Hypothesis

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Dimensions of Hypothesis

Hypothesis has the following characteristics

  • Generality
  • Specificity
  • Determinacy
  • Falsifiability
  • Testability
  • Communicability
  • Reproducibility
  • Predictability
  • Tenability
  • Reliability

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Hypothesis: Conditions for Good Hypothesis and Steps in Testing Hypothesis

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Conditions for Good Hypothesis

A good hypothesis should

  • Eliminate irrelevant facts and be simple.
  • Must be conceivable.
  • Should not contradict any of the known established facts.

Steps in Testing Hypothesis

Hypothesis can be tested through following steps:

  • Deducing consequences of the hypothesis (if it is true).
  • Selection and development of tests.
  • Determining sample size and sampling design.
  • Conducting experiments or observation.
  • Developing null hypothesis especially for statistical testing.
  • Again for statistical testing selection of statisti

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