GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Intelligence-Individual Differences in Intelligence Study Material (Page 1 of 2)

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Intelligence: Important Definitions

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Adjustment and adaptation of individual to one՚s social environment, ability to learn, ability to carry on abstract thinking is intelligence. It is hereditary and environmental in nature. Intelligence is a hypothetical concept.

Important Definitions

Alfred Binet is regarded as Father of intelligence.

According to Stern, intelligence is the ability to adjust to new situations.

According to Terman, intelligence is the ability to think abstractly.

According to Stoddard, intelligence is the ability to undertake activities that difficult, complex, abstract, require economy, adaptiveness to goal…

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Intelligence: History & Development of Intelligence & Testing

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History & Development of Intelligence & Testing

  • Francis Galton: Galton did pioneering work in psychological assessment and is considered as 1st attempt. Galton is considered as father of the study of individual differences.
  • Arthur Jensen and Mike Andersen: They believed in integrity of the central nervous system inherent capabilities (Intelligence A) as opposed to manifestations of intelligence in everyday life (Intelligence B) .
  • Alfred Binet: He created the first ‘intelligence test’ and is known as the father of IQ testing. In 1904, he was commissioned by French Ministry of Public Instruction to develop techniques to identify primary grade children whose lack of success in normal classrooms suggested the need …

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