GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Forgetting-The Physical Aspects of Memory Study Material (Page 2 of 3)

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Forgetting: Factors Affecting Rate of Forgetting and Methods for Increasing Strength of Memory

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Factors Affecting Rate of Forgetting

Rate of forgetting depends on

  • Difficulty of learned material (e. g. how meaningful it is)
  • Representation of learned material
  • Physiological factors such as stress and sleep.

The basal forgetting rate differs little between individuals. The difference in performance can be explained by mnemonic representation skills. Basic training in mnemonic techniques can in part help overcome those differences.

Methods for Increasing Strength of Memory

Strength of memory can be increased by

  • Better memory representation (e. g. with mnemonic techniques)
  • Repetition based on active recall (e. g. spaced repetition)

Each repetition in learning increases the optimum interval before …

… (25 more words) …

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Forgetting: Factors Affecting Forgetting

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Factors Affecting Forgetting

Forgetting depends on

  • Level of learning
  • Nature of learned material, its
  • Meaningfulness
  • Quantity
  • Functional stability
  • Distribution of practice
  • Interference or inhibition during learning process, it can be
    • Proactive Interference: It is forgetting due to interference from the traces of events or learning that occurred prior to the materials to be remembered (retention test)
    • Retroactive Interference: Retroactive Interference impedes the retrieval and performance of previously learnt information due to newly acquired and practiced information.

    It depends on

    • Similarity to original…

… (37 more words) …

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