GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Emotion-Theories of Emotions Study Material (Page 1 of 4)

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Theories of Emotion: James Lange Theory


James Lange Theory

William James and Carl Lange proposed one of the earliest theories on the working of emotions. The James-Lange Theory states that a stimulus immediately affects the autonomic nervous system and then the message is sent to the brain.

Thus when threatening stimulus is perceived (such as a snake) it creates a specific response with increase in blood pressure, heart rate and breathing. This theory assumes a different pattern of physiological response for each emotion as the message is later sent to the brain about the type of response, which is then assessed and relevant emotion is experienc

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Theories of Emotion: Canon-Bard Theory


Canon-Bard Theory

Scientist primarily accepted James-Lange theory and revised it with emphasis of hypothalamus. It is also known as Hypothalamic theory or Emergency theory or Central theory

Aim: Cerebral cortex is related to emotional consciousness and experience. Thalamus and hypothalamus are related to emotional expression.

In 1929, Walter Canon proposed another theory that examined just how emotions worked. This

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