GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Emotion-Biological Basis of Emotions Study Material (Page 1 of 2)

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Factors Affecting Emotions: Ways of Emotions Learning


Emotions are affected by

  • Hereditary
  • Health
  • Birth
  • Sex
  • Environment

Ways of Emotions Learning

Emotional learning happens through

  • Imitation
  • Insight
  • Conditioning

Factors Affecting Emotions: Six Basic Emotions and Important Emotions


Six Basic Emotions

  • Happiness
  • Sadness
  • Anger
  • Fear
  • Surprise
  • Disgust

Important Emotions

  • Wonder: It is a state of mind by being excited by new strange, unusual things and the wish to explore them
  • Joy: Joy is a state of mind or feeling characterized by contentment, love, satisfaction, pleasure, or happiness
  • Moods: A mood is a relatively long lasting emotional state. Moods differ from simple emotions in that they are less specific, less intense, and less likely to be triggered by a particular stimulus or event. They affect behavior, endurance and efficiency
  • Sentiments: Sentiments refer to organizations of interest around common center. Center is called emotional self-regard with love, hatred, affection, a…

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Effects of Emotions: External and Internal Changes


External Changes

  • Facial Changes: Boring and Titchener gave Pidrits picture of emotional expressions
    • Fernberger: He showed that if emotional situation is not known then it is difficult to know specific emotions through facial expressions
    • Hulin and Katz: He gave 72 pictures of facial expressions for study of emotions
    • Coleman: He found changes in areas of face and eyes using emotion pictures
    • Kliniberg: he studied relevance of cultura…

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