GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Biological and Evolutionary Basis of Behaviour-Neurons Study Material (Page 1 of 4)

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Neurons: Structure of Neurons

Components of Nervous System and Neurons

A Neuron is a specialized nerve cell that receives, processes, and transmits information to other cells in the body. Some of the neurons do not regenerate. Information comes in the neuron through the Dendrites from other neurons. It then continues the Cell Body or Soma, which is the main part of the neuron, which contains the nucleus and maintains the life sustaining functions of the neuron. The soma processes information and then passes it along the Axon. At the end of the axon are bulb-like structures called Terminal Buttons that pass the information on to…

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Neurons: Types of Neurons and Cranial Nerves


Types of Neurons

There are three types of neurons:

  • Sensory Neurons: These are located in the body՚s sense organs (for example, the eye, ear, or nose) and send information from these organs to the brain.
  • Motor Neurons or Motoneurons: These convey information from the nervous system to the body՚s organs, glands, and musc…

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