GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Applications of Psychology-Psychotherapies Study Material (Page 5 of 5)

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Existential Therapy: Givens as Noted by Yalom and Dimensions of Existential Therapy

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Existential psychotherapy is a method of therapy that operates on the belief that inner conflict within a person is due to individual՚s confrontation with the givens of existence.

Givens as Noted by Yalom

  • Death: The inevitability of death causes deep fear that only increases with age.
  • Freedom: Freedom brings its attendant responsibility, and the requirement to preserve it.
  • Existential Isolation (referring to Phenomenology) : Individuals have deep need for belonging, isolation is a given in existence, individuals are born alone and die alone and this causes confrontation
  • Meaninglessness: Giving meaning to ones live is the ultimate …

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Existential Therapy: Characteristics of Existential Therapy

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Characteristics of Existential Therapy

  • Existential therapy starts with the belief that although humans are essentially alone in the world, they long to be connected to others
  • There is no such thing as psychological dysfunction. Every way of being is merely an expression of how one chooses to live one՚s life, anxieties are merely caused by individuals not able to come to terms with givens of existence, and a therapist can work with clients to help them accept these.
  • Existentialism suggests that it is possible for people to face the anxieties of life head-on and embrace the human co…

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