GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Applications of Psychology-Psychological Disorders: Conceptions of Mental Disorders Study Material (Page 5 of 24)

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Phobia: Important Definition and Characteristics of Phobia


Irrational, intense, and insistent fear of certain situations, activities, animals, or people is phobia.

Important Definition

According to Cameron, a phobic reaction is an attempt to reduce internally generated tension and anxiety by a process of displacement, projection, and avoidance. In general, it is an obsessive, persistent, unrealistic, and intense fear of situation or object, the fear is believed to arise through a process of displacing an internal unconsciousness conflict to external object simultaneously related to conflict.

Characteristics of Phobia

  • Common form of anxiety disorders.
  • Remains undiagnosed if not distressing to patient or not frequently encountered.
  • Caused by an event recorded

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Phobia: Types of Phobia and Common Human Phobias


Types of Phobia

  • Social Phobia: Involve other people or social situations such as performance anxiety or fears of embarrassment by scrutiny of others, such as eating in public. Difficult to overcome without therapy
  • Generalized Social Phobia: Anxiety happens irrespective of situation
  • Specific Social Phobia: Anxiety is triggered only in specific situations, such as urination i

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