GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology Applications of Psychology-Applications of Theories of Motivation and Learning in School Study Material (Page 14 of 19)

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Mentally Retarded Child: Classification of Mentally Retarded Child

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Classification of Mentally Retarded Child

Based on Physical and Physiological Problem:

  • Brain Damage: Brain damage can cause part of the brain to stop functioning, causing retardation in certain cases.
  • Mongolism: Also called Trisomy 21 or Down՚s syndrome it is a chromosomal disorder caused by the pre…

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Mentally Retarded Child: Causes and Characteristics of Mentally Retarded Child

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Causes of Mental Retardation

Causes of mental retardation can be classified as follows

  • Prenatal Causes: These include consumptions of toxic agent or drugs by pregnant woman, exposure of pregnant woman to harmful radiation, genetic disorder, or poor health of pregnant woman.
  • Perinatal Causes: These include premature birth or complications in delivery.
  • Postnatal Causes: These include acute illnesses, traumatic illness, lead poisoning, accidental brain inquiry and deprived environment

Characteristics of Mentally Retarded Child

Characteristics of mental retarded children can be classified as follows

  • Organic Characteristics: Have physical disabilities
  • Physical Characteristics: Generally have low socio-economic sta…

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