Theories of Learning-Operant Conditioning [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology]: Questions 17 - 20 of 100

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Question 17

Operant Conditioning

Question

MCQ▾

In a study of punishment, shock is administered to a hamster through a wire grid on the bottom of the cage. To the researcher՚s surprise, the hamster learns to roll on its back when shocked so that its fur insulates it from the shock. The hamster՚s response demonstrates

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

cognitive learning.

b.

negative reinforcement.

c.

discovery learning.

d.

positive reinforcement.

Question 18

Operant Conditioning

Question

MCQ▾

Which of the following best describes punishment?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

addition of a positive event

b.

withdrawal of a negative event

c.

declining response frequency

d.

addition of an aversive event

Question 19

Operant Conditioning

Question

MCQ▾

A student does a good job on math problems for homework, and the teacher awards a sticker. This demonstrates the use of

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

reinforcement.

b.

spontaneous recovery.

c.

extinction.

d.

antecedents.

Question 20

Operant Conditioning

Appeared in Year: 2014 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

A parent deliberately ignores a child՚s temper tantrums in an attempt to discourage them. The parent՚s strategy is in accordance with

(June)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Negative reinforcement

b.

Extinction

c.

Operant avoidance

d.

Operant escape