Theories of Learning [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology]: Questions 95 - 100 of 185

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Question 95

Theories of Learning

Question

MCQ▾

Classical conditioning is most often used to condition

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

negative behavior.

b.

reflexes.

c.

short-term behavior.

d.

positive behavior.

Question 96

Theories of Learning

Question

MCQ▾

To strengthen the connection between the CS and the CR, the CS must

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

generalize to the UR.

b.

be identical to the US.

c.

be followed by the UR.

d.

precede the US.

Question 97

Theories of Learning

Question

MCQ▾

Negative reinforcement ________ responding; punishment ________ responding.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

decreases; increases

b.

increases; decreases

c.

decreases; decreases

d.

increases; increases

Question 98

Theories of Learning

Question

MCQ▾

In Pavlov՚s experiments with dogs, salivation was the

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

unconditioned response.

b.

unconditioned stimulus.

c.

conditioned stimulus.

d.

conditioned response.

Question 99

Theories of Learning

Question

MCQ▾

________ are developed in instrumental, or operant conditioning when differences in reinforcement accompany different stimuli.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Discriminations

b.

Punishments

c.

Generalizations

d.

None of the above

Question 100

Theories of Learning

Question

MCQ▾

The schedule of reinforcement associated with playing slot machines and other types of gambling is ________.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Variable ratio

b.

Variable interval

c.

Fixed interval

d.

Fixed ratio

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