# Research Methods and Statistics [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Psychology]: Questions 246 - 251 of 320

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### Passage

A researcher is interested in analysing the role of teachers՚ motivational strategies in the learning of students. He feels that teachers using punishment as a strategy is more effective on poor performance students. While he reviews literature he finds some studies supporting his feelings and there are other studies which show that punishment is more effective in bringing out optimal learning in bright students. He collects the data from 70 students each from urban, rural and semi urban areas, represents differed in their age, gender and socio economic status.

## Question 246 (3 of 4 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: *2018 (UGC)*

### Question

MCQ▾In order to test the effect of gender he need to collect the sample that is (KSET)

### Choices

Choice (4) | Response | |
---|---|---|

a. | Non-probability | |

b. | Random | |

c. | Representative | |

d. | Purposive |

## Question 247 (4 of 4 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: *2018 (UGC)*

### Question

MCQ▾In this study gender and geographical background of the school are (KSET)

### Choices

Choice (4) | Response | |
---|---|---|

a. | Intervening variable | |

b. | Dependent variable | |

c. | Independent variable | |

d. | Extraneous variable |

## Question 248

Appeared in Year: *2018 (UGC)*

### Question

MCQ▾Measures of central tendency includes (KSET)

1. Mean

2. Median

3. Rank order

4. SD

### Choices

Choice (4) | Response | |
---|---|---|

a. | 1 and 2 | |

b. | 2 and 3 | |

c. | 3 and 4 | |

d. | 1 and 3 |

## Question 249

Appeared in Year: *2018 (UGC)*

### Question

MCQ▾General assumptions of parametric statistics are (KSET)

1. Linearity

2. Large sample size

3. Normal probability

4. Control of variables

### Choices

Choice (4) | Response | |
---|---|---|

a. | 1 and 3 | |

b. | 2 and 4 | |

c. | 3 and 4 | |

d. | 1 and 4 |

## Question 250

Appeared in Year: *2018 (UGC)*

### Question

MCQ▾Non-probability sampling techniques are (KSET)

1. Representative sample

2. Quota sampling

3. Cluster sampling

4. Snow ball sampling

### Choices

Choice (4) | Response | |
---|---|---|

a. | 2 and 3 | |

b. | 1 and 2 | |

c. | 2 and 4 | |

d. | 1 and 3 |

## Question 251

Appeared in Year: *2018 (UGC)*

### Question

Assertion-Reason▾### Assertion(Ꭺ)

Action research has the primary objective of finding a solution to a problem (KSET)

### Reason(Ꭱ)

The limitation of action research is that the finding is limited to the sample studied

### Choices

Choice (4) | Response | |
---|---|---|

a. | Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ | |

b. | Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true | |

c. | Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false | |

d. | Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true and Ꭱ is the correct explanation of Ꭺ |