Classical and Modern Western Philosophy [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Philosophy]: Questions 423 - 426 of 541

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Question 423

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge

Question

MCQ▾

With regard to Plato՚s epistemology, identify the correct statements:

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Hypothetical knowledge can be equated with the Advaitic concept of Pratibhasika Satyam.

b.

Practical knowledge can be equated with the Advaitic concept of Vyavaharika Satyam.

c.

Rational insight is the highest kind of knowledge.

d.

Both c. and b. are correct

Passage

Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions

Although different people may see the table slightly differently, still they all see more or less similar things when they look at the table, and the variations in what they see follow the laws of perspective and the reflection of light, so that it is easy to arrive at a permanent object underlying all the different people՚s sense-data. Thus, it is the fact that different people have similar sense data, which makes us suppose that over and above the sense data there is a permanent public object which underlies or causes the sense-data of various people at various times

Now in so far as the above consideration depend upon supposing that there are other people besides ourselves, they beg the very question at issue. Other people are represented to me by certain sense-data, such as the sight of them or the sound of their voiced, and if I had no reason to believe that there were physical objects independent of my sense-data, I should have no reason to believe that other people exist except as a part of my dream. Thus, we are trying to show that there must be objects independent of our own sense-data, we cannot appeal to the testimony of other people, since this testimony itself consists of sense-data.

Question 424 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Concepts of Good

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

The first paragraph of the passage makes a case for which of the following?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Relativism

b.

Solipsism

c.

Realism

d.

Idealism

Question 425 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Concepts of Good

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

According to the above passage

I should have no reason to believe that other people exist, except as a part of my dream because A. I have no way to ascertain that the other person could be lying

B. Existence of other people could also be reduced to sense data

C. Things that I see in a dream do not exist in the real world.

D. I can only be sure of my own experience

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

A only

b.

A and B only

c.

B and C only

d.

B only

Question 426 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Concepts of Good

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

The philosophical proposition which is contrary to the position that “there are other people in the world apart from ourselves” is termed as

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Solipsism

b.

Subjective Idealism

c.

Transcendental Idealism

d.

Scepticism

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