Classical and Modern Western Philosophy [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Philosophy]: Questions 361 - 365 of 541

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Passage

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The word analysis derives from the ancient Greek term analysis. The prefix ana means, and lasis means loosing, release or separation, so that analusis means loosening up or dissolution. The term was readily extended to the solving or dissolving of a problem. And it was in this sense that it was employed in ancient Greek geometry and philosophy. The method of analysis that was developed in ancient Greek geometry had an influence on both Plato and Aristotle. Also important. However, was the influence of Socrates concern with definition, in which the roots of modern conceptual analysis can be found. What we have in ancient Greek thought, then, is a complex web of methodologies, of which the most important are Socratic definition, which Plato elaborated into his method of division, his related method of hypothesis, which drew on geometrical analysis, and the methods that Aristotle developed in his Analytics. Far from a consensus having established itself over the last two millennia, the relationships between these methodologies are the subject of increasing debate today. At the heart of all of them. Too, lie the philosophical problems raised by Meno՚s paradox, which anticipates what we now know as the paradox of analysis, concerning how an analysis can be both correct and informative and Plato՚s attempt to solve it through the theory of recollection, which has spawned a vast literature on its own.

Question 361 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Socrates՚ definition was extended by Plato into: (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Meno Paradox

b.

Method of division

c.

Method of science

d.

Geometrical analysis

Question 362 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Paradox of analysis relates to (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

How recollection is possible

b.

How a line can be extended

c.

How physics is a science

d.

How any analysis can be informative

Question 363

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Theory of Causation

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Which one of the following is not acceptable to Aristotle? (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Oil os potentially present in the oil-seed

b.

Every empirical object is a compound of form and matter

c.

Logic consists of syllogism

d.

The doctrine of causation is an illusion

Question 364

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Quantification and Rules of Quantification

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

(Where v is any individual symbol) is form of: (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Universal instantiation

b.

Existential generalisation

c.

Existential instantiation

d.

Universal generalisation

Question 365

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Categorical Syllogism

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Who among the following can be said to have discovered a method of making procedural justice an instrument of meeting the requirement of substantive justice? (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Robert Nozick

b.

Bernard Williams

c.

Dworkin

d.

John rawls

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