Classical and Modern Western Philosophy [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Philosophy]: Questions 356 - 360 of 541

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Question 356

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following is acceptable to the Sophists? (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Knowledge is objective

b.

The beauty is in the object

c.

Truth is subjective

d.

The good is objective

Question 357

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Differences between Deductive and Inductive Logic

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Which type of argument makes the claim that its conclusion is supported by its premises conclusively? (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Inductive

b.

Deductive

c.

Indirect Proof

d.

Hypothetical Argument

Passage

Read the passage below and answer the questions which follow.

The word analysis derives from the ancient Greek term analysis. The prefix ana means, and lasis means loosing, release or separation, so that analusis means loosening up or dissolution. The term was readily extended to the solving or dissolving of a problem. And it was in this sense that it was employed in ancient Greek geometry and philosophy. The method of analysis that was developed in ancient Greek geometry had an influence on both Plato and Aristotle. Also important. However, was the influence of Socrates concern with definition, in which the roots of modern conceptual analysis can be found. What we have in ancient Greek thought, then, is a complex web of methodologies, of which the most important are Socratic definition, which Plato elaborated into his method of division, his related method of hypothesis, which drew on geometrical analysis, and the methods that Aristotle developed in his Analytics. Far from a consensus having established itself over the last two millennia, the relationships between these methodologies are the subject of increasing debate today. At the heart of all of them. Too, lie the philosophical problems raised by Meno՚s paradox, which anticipates what we now know as the paradox of analysis, concerning how an analysis can be both correct and informative and Plato՚s attempt to solve it through the theory of recollection, which has spawned a vast literature on its own.

Question 358 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Socrates՚ Concern with definition led to (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Conceptual analysis

b.

Physical analysis

c.

Geometrical analysis

d.

Mathematical analysis

Question 359 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Greek thought contains: (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

A complex network of methods

b.

A single method of analysis

c.

A rejection of all methods

d.

A simple web of methodologies

Question 360 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge

Appeared in Year: 2019 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Plato՚s method of hypothesis drawn on (4th Evening shift)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Philosophical analysis

b.

Physical analysis

c.

Ethical analysis

d.

Geometrical analysis

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