Classical and Modern Western Philosophy [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Philosophy]: Questions 427 - 430 of 541

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Passage

Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions

Although different people may see the table slightly differently, still they all see more or less similar things when they look at the table, and the variations in what they see follow the laws of perspective and the reflection of light, so that it is easy to arrive at a permanent object underlying all the different people՚s sense-data. Thus, it is the fact that different people have similar sense data, which makes us suppose that over and above the sense data there is a permanent public object which underlies or causes the sense-data of various people at various times

Now in so far as the above consideration depend upon supposing that there are other people besides ourselves, they beg the very question at issue. Other people are represented to me by certain sense-data, such as the sight of them or the sound of their voiced, and if I had no reason to believe that there were physical objects independent of my sense-data, I should have no reason to believe that other people exist except as a part of my dream. Thus, we are trying to show that there must be objects independent of our own sense-data, we cannot appeal to the testimony of other people, since this testimony itself consists of sense-data.

Question 427 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Concepts of Good

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

The second paragraph of the above passage draws upon

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Realism

b.

Solipsism

c.

Idealsim

d.

Relativism

Question 428 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Concepts of Good

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Which of the following is/are included the reasons offered to prove the existence of the external world in the passage?

  1. Testimony of the people
  2. The similarity in sense data in similar conditions
  3. The variations in our sense data can be explained through the laws of perspective and reflection of light.
  4. The fallibility of sense experience.

Choose the correct option

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

4 only

b.

1,2 and 4

c.

1 and 2

d.

1,2 and 3

Question 429

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Kant's Copernican Revolution

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

For Kant, which of the following statements are appropriate examples of synthetic a priori judgement?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

The shortest distance between the two points is a straight line.

b.

For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

c.

2 + 2 = 4

d.

All a., b. and c. are correct

Question 430

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy
Locke's Three Grades of Knowledge

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

Identify which among the following is not a characteristic of simple idea, according to Locke

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

unambigious

b.

distinctly clear

c.

cannot be further divided into other simple ideas

d.

varying in its appearance or conception

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