Classical Indian Philosophy [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Philosophy]: Questions 476 - 480 of 577

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Passage

Maya or Avidya is not pure illusion. It is not only absence of knowledge. It is also positive wrong knowledge. It is a cross of the real and the unreal. It is indescribable. It is neither existent nor non-existent nor both. It is not existent for the existent is only the Brahman. It is not non-existent for it is responsible for the appearance of the Brahman as the world. It cannot be both existent and non-existent for this conception is self-contradictory. It is called neither real nor unreal. It is false or mithya. But it is not a non-entity like a hare՚s horn. It is positive. It is potency. It is also called superimposition. A shell is mistaken as silver. The shell is the ground on which the silver is superimposed. When right knowledge arises, the error vanishes. The relation between the shell and the silver is neither that of identity nor of difference nor of both. It is unique and is known as non-difference. Brahman is the ground on which the world appears through Maya. When right knowledge dawns the essential unity of the jiva with the param-atma is realised. Maya and Avidya vanishes

Question 476 (4 of 4 Based on Passage)

Classical Indian Philosophy
Advaita (Adhyasa, Brahman, Isvara, Atman, Jiva, Moksa, Visistadvaita)

Question

Match List-Ⅰ List-Ⅱ▾

Match the following

List-Ⅰ (Column-I)List-Ⅱ (Column-II)
(A)

Hare՚s horn

(i)

Indescribable

(B)

Brahman

(ii)

Non-entity

(C)

Maya

(iii)

Absence of Knowledge

(D)

Mithya

(iv)

False knowledge

Choices

Choice (4)Response
  • (A)
  • (B)
  • (C)
  • (D)

a.

  • (iv)
  • (ii)
  • (iii)
  • (i)

b.

  • (iii)
  • (iv)
  • (ii)
  • (i)

c.

  • (iii)
  • (iv)
  • (i)
  • (ii)

d.

  • (ii)
  • (i)
  • (iii)
  • (iv)

Question 477

Question

MCQ▾

In Vedic tradition, the controlling power of the cosmos is

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Brahma

b.

Brahman

c.

Rta

d.

Isvara

Question 478

Question

True-False▾

Statements

  1. The Pancha Kosha model divides the mind (Manas) into five sheaths.

  2. The Pancha Kosha theory is found in the Taittiriya Upanishad.

  3. The Vijnanamaya Kosha is the sheath of the intellect and bliss.

  4. In the order in which they are described, each succeeding sheath is subtler than the preceding one.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

All the statements are correct.

b.

Only statement Ⅱ is true.

c.

Statement Ⅰ, Ⅱ & Ⅳ are all true.

d.

Both statement Ⅱ & statement Ⅳ are true.

Question 479

Question

MCQ▾

The philosophy of Kasmira Saivism is:

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Idealistic and theistic

b.

Monistic and Idealistic

c.

Realistic and atheistic

d.

Realistic and theistic

Question 480

Classical Indian Philosophy
Bodhisattva Ideal

Question

MCQ▾

According to the Bodhisattva ideal of Mahayana tradition, a Bodhisattva makes a vow and defers her/his final Nirvana in order to:

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Avoid suffering in future life

b.

Enjoy life in the world here and now

c.

Attain prefect wisdom

d.

Work for the liberation of every sentient being

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