Classical Indian Philosophy [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Philosophy]: Questions 469 - 475 of 577

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Passage

Maya or Avidya is not pure illusion. It is not only absence of knowledge. It is also positive wrong knowledge. It is a cross of the real and the unreal. It is indescribable. It is neither existent nor non-existent nor both. It is not existent for the existent is only the Brahman. It is not non-existent for it is responsible for the appearance of the Brahman as the world. It cannot be both existent and non-existent for this conception is self-contradictory. It is called neither real nor unreal. It is false or mithya. But it is not a non-entity like a hare՚s horn. It is positive. It is potency. It is also called superimposition. A shell is mistaken as silver. The shell is the ground on which the silver is superimposed. When right knowledge arises, the error vanishes. The relation between the shell and the silver is neither that of identity nor of difference nor of both. It is unique and is known as non-difference. Brahman is the ground on which the world appears through Maya. When right knowledge dawns the essential unity of the jiva with the param-atma is realised. Maya and Avidya vanishes

Question 469 (2 of 4 Based on Passage)

Classical Indian Philosophy
Advaita (Adhyasa, Brahman, Isvara, Atman, Jiva, Moksa, Visistadvaita)

Question

MCQ▾

What happens when right knowledge dawns?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

World appears through Avidya

b.

Mithya vanishes.

c.

Unity of Brahman and Jiva is realised.

d.

None of the above

Question 470 (3 of 4 Based on Passage)

Classical Indian Philosophy
Advaita (Adhyasa, Brahman, Isvara, Atman, Jiva, Moksa, Visistadvaita)

Question

MCQ▾

What is the nature of Maya or Avidya?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

It is potency.

b.

It is neither real nor unreal.

c.

It is not pure illusion.

d.

All a., b. and c. are correct

Question 471

Classical Indian Philosophy
Padarthas (Categories)

Question

MCQ▾

Ramanuja Believes that the Unconscious Element in God Really Changes into the world, thus his Theory is known as

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

B and C

b.

Brahma-Parinama vada

c.

Asatkaryavada

d.

Prakriti-Parinama vada

Question 472

Classical Indian Philosophy
Advaita (Adhyasa, Brahman, Isvara, Atman, Jiva, Moksa, Visistadvaita)

Question

MCQ▾

According to Upanishads, Brahman is.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Saguna only

b.

Saguna only & Nirguna only

c.

Nirguna only

d.

All of the above

Question 473

Classical Indian Philosophy
Moksa

Question

MCQ▾

According to Jainism, ________ Connects the soul with body

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Karma

b.

Ignorance of Scriptures

c.

Wrong knowledge

d.

A and B

Question 474

Classical Indian Philosophy
Pramanas

Question

MCQ▾

________ Means state of Pervasion.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Aprama

b.

Prama

c.

Vyapti

d.

Pramana

Question 475

Classical Indian Philosophy
Yogacara-Vijnanavada

Question

MCQ▾

Yogacara believes in

i. Subjective Idealism

ii. Rejection of External Objects

iii. Objective Idealism

iv. Non-rejection of External Objects

Amongst the following options, choose the correct code

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

i and ii

b.

i alone

c.

iii alone

d.

iii and iv

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