GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Philosophy: Questions 1233 - 1237 of 1372

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Question 1233

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following are not a part of Yama in Patanjali՚s Astang yoga?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Satya

b.

Aparigraha

c.

Ahimsa

d.

All a., c. and b. are correct

Passage

Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions

Although different people may see the table slightly differently, still they all see more or less similar things when they look at the table, and the variations in what they see follow the laws of perspective and the reflection of light, so that it is easy to arrive at a permanent object underlying all the different people՚s sense-data. Thus, it is the fact that different people have similar sense data, which makes us suppose that over and above the sense data there is a permanent public object which underlies or causes the sense-data of various people at various times

Now in so far as the above consideration depend upon supposing that there are other people besides ourselves, they beg the very question at issue. Other people are represented to me by certain sense-data, such as the sight of them or the sound of their voiced, and if I had no reason to believe that there were physical objects independent of my sense-data, I should have no reason to believe that other people exist except as a part of my dream. Thus, we are trying to show that there must be objects independent of our own sense-data, we cannot appeal to the testimony of other people, since this testimony itself consists of sense-data.

Question 1234 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

The first paragraph of the passage makes a case for which of the following?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Relativism

b.

Solipsism

c.

Realism

d.

Idealism

Question 1235 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

The second paragraph of the above passage draws upon

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Realism

b.

Solipsism

c.

Idealsim

d.

Relativism

Question 1236 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

According to the above passage

I should have no reason to believe that other people exist, except as a part of my dream because A. I have no way to ascertain that the other person could be lying

B. Existence of other people could also be reduced to sense data

C. Things that I see in a dream do not exist in the real world.

D. I can only be sure of my own experience

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

A only

b.

A and B only

c.

B and C only

d.

B only

Question 1237 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020 (UGC)

Question

MCQ▾

Which of the following is/are included the reasons offered to prove the existence of the external world in the passage?

  1. Testimony of the people
  2. The similarity in sense data in similar conditions
  3. The variations in our sense data can be explained through the laws of perspective and reflection of light.
  4. The fallibility of sense experience.

Choose the correct option

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

4 only

b.

1,2 and 4

c.

1 and 2

d.

1,2 and 3

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