Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Linguistics]: Questions 22 - 24 of 35

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Question 22

Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis
Lexical and Compositional

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) , carry One mark each (for each wrong answer: 1 ⁄ 3) .

The meaning relax or calm down for the word ‘chill’ is an example of what kind of semantic change?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Pejoration

b.

Metonymy

c.

Metaphor

d.

Synecdoche

Question 23

Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis
Indo-Aryan

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

Multiple Select Question (MSQ) , carry One mark each (no negative marks)

Which of the following areal/typological feature (s) may be seen in a vast majority of the languages of South Asia?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Compound Verbs

b.

Retroflexed Sounds

c.

Non-nominative Subject Case

d.

All c., a. and b. are correct

Question 24

Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis
Basic Syntactic Units

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) , carry Two mark each (for each wrong answer: )

In the sentence “The gunman sprayed the building with bullets” , the preposition phrase (PP) with bullets is attached to

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

‘Sprayed,’ because it meets the Selectional restriction of ‘sprayed’

b.

‘The building,’ because of proximity

c.

‘The gunman,’ because the gunman has the gun

d.

‘Sprayed,’ because it serves as the adjunct of the verb ‘sprayed’

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