Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis [GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) Linguistics]: Questions 11 - 12 of 35

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Question 11

Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis
The Comparative Method

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

Multiple select Question (MSQ) , carry Two mark each (no negative marks) .

Consider carefully the following data from four languages. Which deduction (s) can plausibly be made using the methods of comparative reconstruction?

Consider Carefully the Following Data from Four Languages
Language ALanguage BLanguage CLanguage DGloss
DueBiDoDoiTwo
NasoNosaSronNasNose
FratelloAnaiaBrathairFrateBrother
PadreAitaPathairPataFather
SetteZazpiSeachtSapteSeven
OrecchioElarriCluasUrecheEar
DieciHamarDeichZeceTen

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Language A is distantly related to Language C

b.

Language A and D are closely related

c.

Languages A, B, C and D are all unrelated Languages

d.

Both b. and a. are correct

Question 12

Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis
Basic Syntactic Units

Appeared in Year: 2021

Question

MCQ▾

Multiple select Question (MSQ) , carry Two mark each (no negative marks) .

Consider the following set of Phrase Structure Rules in a toy grammar: [Note: T is tens, P is preposition, V is verb and N is noun; they project their respective phrasal units TP, PP, VP and NP]

Which of the following sentences can be generated by these rules?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

The golden bells in the church always ring for prayers

b.

The golden bells are probably ringing in the church

c.

The silent bells say that the pastor has not visited the bell tower

d.

Bells ring to let believers know that mass will begin

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