GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) English Literary Criticism and Theory Study Material (Page 13 of 33)

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I. a. Richards and Practical Criticism

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Introduction

  • The technique of Practical Criticism and the name originates in I. A. Richards՚ book Practical Criticism, in which he described an experiment wherein undergraduate students of English were given unfamiliar poems, and were asked to read and to submit written comments upon them.
  • With these student documentations or ‘protocols’ , Richards theorized a model of literary criticism that would do two things.
  • Practical Criticism, as conceived by Richards, pays attention to very small units of language in short lyric poems in a way that leads directly to the New Critics՚ emphasis on ‘the poem in itself’ , and their ass…

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New Criticism to Archetypal Criticism: John Ransom Crowe, Northrop Frye

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Introduction

  • The origin of new criticism is rather complex and apparently contradictory- especially in its theoretical and critical positions and practices.
  • It is in sharp reaction to sociological or Marxian criticism which regarded literature as a product of society.
  • It stressed on textual criticism. It is just like establishing a new professional criticism. The influence of Matthew Arnold՚s concept of ‘poetry and culture’ is clearly perceptible in them.
  • The New Critics were also influenced by modernist poets/critics like T. E. Hulme and T. S. Eliot, whose poe…

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